Bird Watching in Nepal

Famous bird watching spot in Nepal; Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Trip Overview

Bird Watching in Nepal Overview

The Koshi Tappu is an island, located in the low land of eastern Nepal, declared by Ramsar Site as a wetland of international importance and a protected area of rare wild water buffaloes called Bubalus Arnee. It is under the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation. It is the only region in Nepal where you can see these buffaloes and their population growing considerably at a good rate. The Tappu is surrounded by the barrage, marshes, lagoons, mudflats, and arable land, making 90% of water. The Koshi Tappu is more than Bubalus Arness as it is home to 441 species of birds, including 20 duck species, 2 Ibis species, White-Tailed Stonechat, Striated Marsh Warbler, Shore Birds, Waterbirds, and the endangered Swamp Partridge and Bengal Florican, in addition to 87 winter and the Trans-Himalayan migratory species. Some new migratory birds have been spotted recently. It is also home to birds, such as swamp francolin (Francolinus gularis), Baer’s pochard (Aythya baeri), Pallas’s fish eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus), greater spotted eagle (Aquila clanga), lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), and spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis).

Along with these, there are other animals, such as Hog deer, Wild boar, Spotted deer, Blue bull, and Rock python in the Tappu. In the river called the Koshi, there are different species of fish as well as endangered Gharial Crocodile and the Gangetic Dolphin, including the fish species like Barilius jalkapoorei and Pseudeutropius murius, and other aquatic animals like nilgai, smooth-coated otter, and red-crowned roof turtle.


In Kathmandu, you are going to stay at the 3-star category hotel (Value). During the time of bird watching at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, you are going to stay at a standard hotel/ wildlife camp.

  • Kathmandu- 3 Nights
  • Wildlife Camp- 2 Nights


In your trip cost, we have also included the transportation fare, so that you do not have to pay from your pocket when you are in Nepal. The fare includes pick up from the airport as well as drop off at the airport by the private vehicle.

How to get noticed outside at the airport?

You will be seeing us outside the Tribhuvan International Airport holding the signboard of Travel Max Guide (TMG Adventure). You will transfer to your hotel. One of our company representatives will explain to you about your trip and share the trip plan with you. If we have a couple of times, you are going to visit our office or will explain it to you at your hotel lobby. 


In Kathmandu, we will provide you breakfast at your hotel. At Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Camp, We will provide you these in all three square meals: breakfast, lunch, and dinner with tea/coffee.

Meals included:

  • Breakfast- 5
  • Lunch- 2
  • Dinner-3

Attend farewell dinner

Travel Max Guide always focus to spend time gossiping about the trips and sharing our experiences. This time, we will hear from you regarding your trips; how it goes? How do you spend your time in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve? Do you love our team and the service? Great feedbacks help us in the coming days to do it more effectively. And obviously, we love to eat food in the way you are going to see the cultural dance shows in a Nepali typical restaurant. 

Accomplishment certificate

Our company will provide you the accomplishment certificate and the Nepali typical gifts as a sign of love and reward. At the same time, we would like to be thankful and share our joy that you do trust and become a member of the Travel Max Guide. 

Travel Max Guide Team

We are workaholic, passionated and expertise. We are storyteller from the Land of Himalayas. Lead you through the local villages, trails, safaris, and the mountains. Spending time with the local people. Exploring local authenticity, life, and culture. Our team is a certified tourist and trekking guide. Officially certified licensed holders provided by the Nepal Government. Well trained and have the knowledge about the first aid kit. Our team will take care of you all the time. The company will provide you the emergency evacuation if you need it.

Travel Insurance

On this trip travel insurance is not mandatory but our company highly recommends you to get travel insurance. This is good for you while you are planning to travel. You must ensure in your country before coming to Nepal, before starting your trip. Please bring with you a copy of insurance, and your insurance policy must cover the medical expenses, evacuation, and other things related to your health. Please give a copy to our company. It will send the information to the insurance company if you use the mountain rescue operation, mentioned above.

Passport and Visa

Before coming to Nepal, your passport must have the validity of 6 months, and you can put the Tourist Visa ‘On Arrival’ on your passport at Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu, Nepal. On arrival, the visa procedure is very quick and simple. For more information please visit this site: Nepal Immigration

On Arrival Visa Fee at Entry points

  •  15 Days- $30
  • 30 Days- $50
  • 90 Days- $125

and you must also bring 4 passport-sized photos. If you are from China or SAARC countries, a free visa will be provided to you.

Extend your holiday/ Optional Itinerary and Services

Travel Max Guide offers exclusive trekking and tour packages in Nepal, Tibet, and Nepal. Packages are disseminated on our website with different styles/themes or experiences. Consideration of our previous travelers’ suggestion Travel Max Guide offers extension holidays. During the time of your booking, if you wish you extend some more days, you can check out the extended holidays. These are optional add-ons. Our company works for reliability and flexibility on time frames upon request of our clients. Before your booking, if you need any assistance. You can fill out a quick inquiry form. Our team is happy to organize this all. 

Travel for a good cause

Travel Max Guide is the inception of the First Act Nepal (FAN). Our team is working for a good cause. That might be a good question- there are lots of organizations working for a social cause but why we are adding the numbers. What might be the reason? The reason is simple, we do love to share what we have. We are strongly guided by the principal, “Love Your Neighbor as Yourself.” So we do. 

Travel Max Guide supports a certain income to FAN. It’s a team working for the children of Nepal. Support for the child sponsorship program. It’s just a small contribution to our children who are longing for love and support. If our small contribution can make things different, why not? to be a contributor. We are looking to build our communities bigger where everyone can get an opportunity. So let’s share what we can, let’s do what we suppose to do. Listen from your heart. Ok fine, finally it’s time for action. 

Volunteering opportunities

This topic is always a key point for us. And we are working on it too. If you are looking to do volunteer or engage in some kind of social work. You can contact us.

Group tour/ Single

In a group tour normally there will be a minimum of 2 people and a maximum of 30 people. In the group tour, there will be the tour leader and naturalist in the time of your wildlife safari. The company will run a private tour for you at your time frame and requirements and solo travelers.

Wildlife Photography Tour

Upon your request, we can organize the wildlife photography tour in Nepal. On the trip normally there will be the photographer who will lead you. If you are a photographer, filming industry or like to learn photography, Nepal is a perfect place for it. Contact us for more details.

Trip Highlights

  • A very famous place for bird watching
  • Wildlife animals
  • Boating

Outline Itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu
Day 02: Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing
Day 03: Fly to Biratnagar and drive to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Day 04: Explore Koshi Tappu- Full day safari
Day 05: Early morning bird watching and fly to Kathmandu
Day 06: Departure

  • Trip Code


  • Start Point


  • End Point


  • Trip Duration

    6 Days

  • Activity

    National Park Tour

  • Region

    Other Region

  • Trip Staffs

    Tourist Guide

  • Transportation

    Flight & Private Vehicle

  • Trip Style


  • Trip Grade

    Very Easy

  • Elevation

    1400 m

  • Accomodation


  • Trip Type

    Guided Group Tour

  • Print Friendly Version
  • Send it to friend
  • Customize this trip
  • Local experts
  • Personal care and attention
  • 100% safe
  • A registered tour operator
  • Emergency services
  • Available 24/7
  • Fits every budget
  • No booking fees
  • local welfare
What's Included

What's Includes

  • 3-star hotel accommodation in Bed and Breakfast plan (BB Plan) in Kathmandu
  • Standard Hotel/ Wildlife Camp accommodation at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

  • All ground transportation by the private vehicle

  • Round trip flight from Kathmandu-Biratnagar-Kathmandu including departures taxes

  • Breakfast in Kathmandu
  • Full board meal (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) with tea/coffee in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
  • As indicated in the itinerary

  • English speaking Tourist Guide and Nature Guide

  • Official paper documents, entrance fees, Government taxes and local fees

What's not includes

  • International flights tickets

  • Nepal entry visa
  • Personal trekking equipment and expenses like water, laundry, phone and bar bills
  • Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu because of early arrival, late departure, early return from your trip (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary. Expenses due to unavoidable events, like flight cancellation, strikes, and others
  • Tips to your guide, porter, and driver
  • Any other expenses that are not mentioned in the “cost include” section

Itinerary & Maps

Detailed Itinerary

Welcome to Nepal. We will receive you at the outside of Tribhuvan International Airport of Nepal. You will check in to your hotel.

  • Accomodation


  • Transportation

    Private Vehicle

The sightseeing that you are going to do, today, comprises of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and they can be categorized as Stupas, Temples, and Palaces. The sightseeing can be personalized, according to your interest, and all the effective route planning for the sightseeing will be done by the city guide of TMG.

Kathmandu Durbar Square

From the hotel where you are staying, nothing is near the Kathmandu Durbar Square. It was a ceremonial site; it was a palace where the would-be kings used to be coronated in the past, now it is a palace cum museum. There, you will experience how the royals spend their life, and after visiting its monuments, temples, and statues, you will know about the skills of the Nepalese architectures of the 17th and 18th centuries.

Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple)

Be well prepared in advance because this stupa is located at quite an altitude and is more than 2,000 years old. This is the most important of all the Buddhist Stupas in Nepal and has a fascinating face of Lord Buddha on every side, and its base has the stonework of 5 Dhyani Buddhas – Vairocana, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, and Aksobhya, and each of these represents the wisdom of Lord Buddha. People flock to this stupa to see the birds-eye view of Kathmandu.


Pashupatinath is as old as the hills, but the Hindu Committees of Nepal, shoulder its renovation and maintenance, and there are new adds on in and around the temple. Pashupatinath is the most important temple of Lord Shiva and is located not far away from the heart of Kathmandu. Only Hindus are permitted to enter from the main gate to Pashupatinath Temple. As a visitor, you will enjoy the rich combination of architecture from a distance. If you are lucky, then you might see the Hindu Cremation taking place.


Bouddhanath is also a stupa. It is one of the holiest pilgrimages of the Buddhists. It has a white doom just like Swayambhunath, whatever the myth is, it contains the bones of Kasyapa Buddha (Buddha incarnation), while others say it contains the bone of Lord Buddha. Around the base of the stupa are 108 small images of the Dhyani Buddha Amitabha.

  • Accomodation


  • Meals provided


  • Transportation

    Private Vehicle

After having our breakfast, we will drive to the domestic airport of Kathmandu and fly to the southern part of Nepal, Biratnagar. We will drive to the hotel. Check-in and be fresh. After having our lunch, we will do birdwatching around the Saptakoshi river on foot.

  • Accomodation


  • Meals provided


  • Transportation

    Flight & Private Vehicle

Early morning you will get the wake-up call. Walk around and have your breakfast. We will do rafting on Sapta Koshi River, watch the birds, water buffaloes, dolphins and drive to Koshi Barrage to view the birds and dolphins. This safari will be guided by the naturalist.

  • Accomodation


  • Meals provided


  • Transportation

    Private Vehicle

At 6 a.m., you can walk nearby the jungle to watch the birds. After breakfast, we will drive to Biratnagar and fly to Kathmandu.

  • Accomodation


  • Meals provided


  • Transportation

    Private Vehicle & Flight

A company representative will drop you to the international airport in a private vehicle.

  • Meals provided


  • Transportation

    Private Vehicle

Customize This Trip

Plan Your Own Trip with our Travel Expert

Customize trip
Cost and Dates

The price below is per person. If you have more than 8 people, then please feel free to ask for a discount. Those who love to do a single trip or a special trip with family, friends, and yourself, you can fill up the private journey or a tailor-made journey. According to your requirements, we will send you the price. TMG is happy to serve you very much.

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Travelers who love to spend some awesome times with their nearest and dearest person can join the private trips on their own requirements and schedule. Regarding this consideration, TMG organizes private trips. Please choose your appropriate departure date.
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Travelers who love to spend some awesome times with their nearest and dearest person can join the private trips on their own requirements and schedule. Regarding this consideration, TMG organizes private trips. Please choose your appropriate departure date.
  • MM slash DD slash YYYY
Client Reviews

Guy Tomsyck

Overall excellent with much personal attention by the Company Owner. Good guide and porter. 3 Passes trek had fewer folks than the standard EBC trek which was what I wanted and it worked out well. Renjo La Pass was the highlight with the best view of Everest.

, Florida, USA

In my 2 week stay,

In my 2 week stay, John was very professional and took me around to experience all that Kathmandu and surrounding areas has to offer. Sites were seen and many locals were met through John’s network. He is a kind man who will take care of any issue no matter how big or small. I highly recommend his company for any travel needs you may have.

Matty, USA

First step in the Everest Base Camp

I was in Nepal for the Everest Base Camp Trek. Outstanding sceneries and good hospitality. On the way to the base camp, I got an opportunity to visit Bthe uddhist monastery as well as got some information about Buddhism. That was great. Our guide and porter were awesome. Very kind and helpful. Thank you, TMG.

Henry, United Kingdom

Annapurna Circuit Trek

Trekking with Travel Max Guide was an amazing experience. My selection of a trip and the company were excellent and of a right decision. In each moment of my walk, I came across adventure and discovered something new. I remember my first step on the Everest Base Camp. The view was spectacular. Passing through the Sherpa communities and staying in Namche Bazaar is unforgettable. I miss the trip very much. Anyway, thank you so much for your service while I was in Nepal. See you next time for the Annapurna Circuit Trek.

Angelo, Barcelona

Everest trekking in Nepal

Originally from the United State of America from the city of Los Angeles where life is busy and rush. I made a trip with TMG. It’s a new experience than I excepted. I found Nepalese people really welcoming. They really love tourists. While trekking in the Everest region, I got time to spend with nature, gained plenty of ideas of culture and tradition from the Himalayas. The trip was totally mind-blowing. TMG has a good team spirit and is dedicated to serving guest and trekkers.

Herald, New York
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The trip price we have mentioned is inclusive and includes transportation, accommodation, meals during the trek, and government taxes, including guide service and porter. For personal expenses, the money you should bring is USD 500, and you have to exchange it into Nepali currency in Kathmandu before trekking.

No, because we have to pay for the hotel, transportation company, guide, government, and porter. For some trips, we have to book air tickets. We have to book all of these in advance. That is the reason, why we do not refund.

Only if you are doing a private tour (private trek), you can add extra days. If you are trekking in a group, then this is not possible. Because in a private tour, you have chosen your date, and you can trek in the way you have decided, we mean to say, there will be you or your family or friends, no outsiders.

There will be other people in the group, but we do not tell you about their personal information, but of course, we can say the number of people in the group.

Nepal is the safest trekking destination in the world because you will be with a trekking guide and a porter. Lodges are safe, and our guide always gives paramount importance to your safety.

There is no such age limit because we have had families who trekked with us with their kids like 9 years old as well as senior people aged 70.

If you are seriously affected by altitude mountain sickness, then you will be flown to Kathmandu for treatment.

Hepatitis A · Hepatitis B · Typhoid · Malaria · Rabies

We would like to recommend this diet rather than meat because in the mountainous regions there are no fridges to store meat.

If it is urgent, then you should find some privacy on the trail and pee.

Yes, you can charge, and you have to pay $1 to $4 an hour for charging.

C or D type outlet (adapter). Ask your guide, you can buy an adapter at a cheap price in Kathmandu.

Tea houses might charge you from USD3 to USD 10 for Wi-Fi, and another option is to get a Nepal Telecom SIM card or Ncell SIM Card. You can also use your guide’s mobile for an international if you reimburse him.

Yes, you can at a small fee, especially when you acclimatize.

In Nepal, many people still use cash; this does mean there is no ATM. You will find ATM in the main cities of Nepal, including Kathmandu and Pokhara. We would like to recommend you to exchange USD into Nepali currency before trekking.

You must be 100% physically fit, that means, you should not have acute health problem nor chronic health problem.

Most of the time, we have the first time trekkers, and they are doing good. So, you do not need to have any experience to do a trek, but we do recommend you jogging, swimming, and walking before coming to Nepal for it. Previous experience will be a plus point.

It is a sickness caused due to the lack of oxygen at a higher altitude in the mountainous region, and one of the ways to overcome it is to drink plenty of water. The other is descending to a lower altitude, and the medicine you can take to fight against it is Diamox (acetazolamide).

Yes, the trek runs. We do not charge any extra money for a solo trekker.

Insect repellent. Antiseptic cream. Anti-diarrhoeal drug Antibiotics Paracetamol Skin cream for blisters. Diamox Multi-vitamin Iodine Cotton Tape Dettol

Yes, it does, and the rescue is done through helicopter, and the cost of the rescue operation is likely to be from USD 2500 to 3000 USD per person. If there is a group rescue operation, then the cost is likely to be USD 500 per person.

Tourism is the main source of income for the guides, porters, and hotel owners in Nepal, so we believe that the Himalayas should be protected not only for this generation but also for the future generation. Every trek that TMG runs focuses on taking care of the ecological aspects and works with the Kathmandu Environmental Education Project (KEEP).

It is a sickness caused due to a lack of oxygen at an altitude of 2000 m plus. It affects some trekkers easily, but to some, it does not. Out of 10, one is affected by Altitude Mountain Sickness. It can be life-threatening. Travel Insurance is a must.

  • Descend to a lower altitude
  • Drink a lot of water
  • Don’t go up until symptoms go down
  • Eat garlic
  • Take Diamox

It is an opportunity to combine challenging mountain trail, unique culture and stunning mountains that are famous in the world. It is also an opportunity to trek to the Everest Base Camp Trek and the Annapurna Base Camp, and other famous treks of Nepal are Langtang Trek, Manaslu Trek, Kanchenjunga Trek, and so on. It is also overcoming Altitude Mountain Sickness.

When you decide to trek, trek with a company that likes to take your responsibility, and that has licensed and experienced trekking guide. Please do not throw bottles in the river while you are trekking in a remote place.

During trekking, you will spend your night in a tea house. The tea house is a lodge or a guest house. The tea house is an old name for a lodge because trekkers and climbers gave this name 40 years ago because it used to sell only tea then. Now they also sell meals as well as provide bedrooms for the trekkers and climbers. The old name tea house is still used by the trekking agencies in Nepal. Hence, the name tea house trek. Tea house differs from village to village where you are going to spend your night. Some have attached bathrooms as well as running a hot water facility, while others have only basic facilities, that is, you have to share a toilet and a bathroom with others. This is so because they are located in a high altitude and the remotest area. Some provide dormitory-style accommodation, but they also provide you a bed, a pillow, a blanket, and a bedsheet still, you must have your own sleeping bag. Homestay trek is different from a tea house trek because, in the former, you will spend your night in a home and eat meals with the family members. It is just like staying in your own home.

Yes, it will operate on the day it is scheduled, except in the event that is beyond our control, such as political issues and natural disasters that will create undesirable travel conditions.

Please read our cancellation policy on Terms and Conditions

February, March, April, May, June, September, October, and November are typically for trekking in Nepal.

Police checkpoints are numerous and unavoidable and park officers can check your permits at any time, with a fine of double the normal cost if you are caught without the proper permits. Do not try to bribe officers or police personnel; it might get you in more trouble than you think. Most of the time there will be two or 3 permits, one will belong to a conservation area or national park, another will be Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) Card and the last one is restricted area entry permit. You will need one or two or all of the permits mentioned above.
1. DOLPA DISTRICT For Upper Dolpa: The first 10 days: USD$ 500 per person After 10 days: USD$ 50 per day person or equivalent foreign currency. For Lower Dolpo: Per week per person: US$ 10 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
2. MUSTANG DISTRICT Upper Mustang: The first 10 days: USD$ 500 per person After 10 days: USD$ 50 per day per person, or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
3. GORKHA DISTRICT a. Manaslu Region: From September to November: USD$ 70 per week per person After 7 days: USD$ 10 per day per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency. From December to August: USD$ 50 per week per person After 7 days: USD$ 7 per day per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency. b. Areas of Chhekampar and Chunchet VDC (Sirdibas-Lokpa-Chumling-Chhekampar -Nile-Chhule Area) From September to November per person: USD$ 35 for first 8 days From December to August per person: USD$ 25 for first 8 days or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
4. MUGU DISTRICT Areas of Mugu, Dolpo, Pulu and Bhangri For the first 7 days: USD$90 per person After 7 days: USD$ 15 per day per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
5. MANANG DISTRICT Areas of Nar and Phu From September to November: USD$ 90 per week per person December to August: USD$ 75 per week per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
6. DOLAKHA DISTRICT Gaurishankar and Lamabagar Per week per person: USD$ 10 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
7. RASUWA DISTRICT Thuman and Timure Per week per person: USD$ 10 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
8. HUMLA DISTRICT Simikot and Yari (Areas of Limi and Muchu village Development Committee, and area way to Tibet via Tangekhola of Darma Village Development committee) For the first 7 days: USD$ 50 per person After 7 days: USD$7 per day per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
9. SANKHUWASABHA Areas of Kimathanka, Chepuwa, Hatiya and Pawakhola VDCs For the first four weeks: USD$ 10 per person per week After four weeks: USD$20 per person per week or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
10. TAPLEJUNG DISTRICT Kanchanjanga Region (Areas of Olangchung Gola, Lelep, Papung, and Yamphudin VDCs) Per week per person: USD$ 10 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
11. BAJHANG DISTRICT (Areas of Kanda, Saipal, and Dhuli) For the first 7 days: USD$ 90 per person After seven days: USD$ 15 per day per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
12. DARCHULA DISTRICT (Areas of Byas VDC) For the first 7 days: US$ 90 per person After 7 days: USD$ 15 per day per person or equivalent convertible foreign currency.

Note: References from Please check for confirmation.


To enter Nepal, a passport valid for six months is required and a tourist visa is required with currency restrictions for entry and exit is five thousand USD.

Citizens of the following states (except officials and diplomatic passport holders) are required to apply for a visa prior to arrival in Nepal:

  • Afghanistan
  • Cameroon
  • Ethiopia
  • Ghana
  • Iraq
  • Liberia
  • Nigeria
  • Palestine
  • Somalia
  • Swaziland
  • Syria
  • Zimbabwe

Nationals of SAARC member countries can receive a tourist visa free of charge for 30 days at no cost. Those countries are:

  • Afghanistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Maldives
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka

Since January 1 2016, nationals holding passports issued by China Peoples Republic of China (PROC) can have their visa fees waived if they are traveling as tourists. Those jurisdictions are:   

  • China
  • Hong Kong
  • Macau

Visa on Arrival:

Immigration Office, TIA (Tribhuvan International Airport) under the Department of Immigration has been facilitating tourists flying to Nepal by providing Visa on Arrival. ‘On Arrival’ visa procedure is very quick and simple.

First Step: Fill in ‘Arrival Card’

Fill in Online ‘Tourist Visa’ form (you can fill it up prior to your arrival visiting the official website of the Department of Immigration / fill it up using Kiosk machines upon your arrival at the airport). If you fill it from the website, you will get submission Receipt with barcode, please print it out and bring it along for acquiring a visa. It works for fifteen days and becomes invalid then after. If so, you will have to fill it up again.

Second Step: Make payment at the bank according to your visa requirement (15/30/90 Days). Get the receipt. While you can use different modes of payments (at visa fees collection counter), we advise you to carry some cash to be on the safe side.

On Arrival Visa Fee

  • 15 Days – 25 USD
  • 30 Days – 40 USD
  • 90 Days – 100 USD

Third Step: Proceed to the Immigration Desk with your online form, payment receipts, and your passport. Hand in your documents to the immigration officer for visa processing. 

Gratis (Free) Visa

  • For the first visit in one visa year (January to December), a gratis visa for 30 days is available only for nationals of South Asian countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. However, the visa can be extended from the Immigration Department on payment of visa fee as specified above.

  • The main essentials to bring are:
  • Sturdy and comfortable hiking boots, flip-flops
  • Sleeping bag (depending on your accommodation) and -20 degree Celsius for colder regions
  • Daypack, trekking bag pack, dry sack and camera bag
  • Few changes of clothes for the varying temperatures
  • For cold weather, hiking pants, thermals, gloves, neck warmer/scarf, beanie, a warm inner jacket and a windproof/waterproof outer jacket and down jacket are essential.
  • Water purification supplies, Reusable water bottle, and CamelBak water bladder
  • Sunscreen, Hat, sunglasses, moisturizing skin cream and lip balm
  • Few snacks, granola bars
  • A hiking stick or two
  • Waterproof case, fabric bandages such as moleskin, a headlamp, altitude sickness, and other medication
  • Camera and binoculars.
  • Hand sanitizers, toilet paper, band-aids, wet wipes
  • Extra batteries (solar chargers recommended) On the popular trekking routes, everyday supplies, such as toilet paper, soap, chocolate bars, and even basic hiking supplies can be purchased along the way, though prices rise dramatically as you go higher in elevation. Try to stock up lower down and buy locally-produced products such as fruit, biscuits, etc. Maps are easy to find in Nepal. For the more difficult treks involving mountaineering, crampons and ice axes may be required. Simpler types of crampons, which attach to the shoe using a rubber ring, are easily obtainable in the Thamel neighborhood. These are variously known as spikes, microspikes, and chains.

Trek legally. If you trek independently, you are not allowed to take any staff by law. You need for this a Trekking Agency, the sole authorized to employ staff for foreign trekkers. Do not hire staff or “independent guides” through hotels, unless they have a Trekking Agent license or offer this service through an affiliated Trekking Agent. • Please make sure you take all of your trash, including bottles and cans from goods consumed in restaurants, to the nearest dustbins. Pollution and lack of trash management in the villages on the treks – including trash-clogged rivers and mounds of discarded beer bottles.

Before the departures check that your travel insurance covers trekking activities and the conditions. Be aware that some insurance companies view even walking in the mountains as “mountaineering” and will not provide coverage. Most reputable trekking agencies will require proof of rescue insurance before you start on your trek. It would be very costly to pay a helicopter rescue at 5000 meters. Some insurance policies, in fact, most, will not cover you over 4000m.

Always carry a head torch/lamp, water, some food, and a mobile phone with helicopter evacuation number, local police station and nearby health post in case of emergencies.

Please read up extensively on Altitude sickness. Be familiar with the symptoms and do not ignore them. Be sure to keep to a conservative ascent schedule and drink plenty of fluids. If you or anyone in your party begins to experience symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS), do not ascend any further, and if they do not improve, then descend to a lower altitude. Carry some Diamox (acetazolamide) pills, easily found in pharmacies in Nepal. Diamox forces the kidneys to excrete bicarbonate in the urine, therefore making the blood more acidic, which stimulates breathing, increasing the amount of oxygen in the blood. But note that Diamox is not an immediate fix for acute mountain sickness; it speeds up part of the acclimatization process which in turn helps to relieve symptoms. This may take up to a day or two, and requires waiting without any further rapid ascent. It is often advisable to descend if even mild acute mountain sickness is experienced. If serious sickness is encountered or symptoms of high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) occur, descent with another trekker is A MUST. Please consult the pharmacist when purchasing Diamox and do your own research. One major thing to remember is that the body requires large amounts of water at altitude to counteract sickness so be sure to drink more than you are used to!

The treks in Nepal are suitable for a wide spectrum of experience and physical fitness. If you can walk uphill for a few hours each day, then you can find a suitable trek in Nepal. An easy trek with Nepali support (guide/porter) and teahouse accommodation is quite attainable for anyone who is reasonably fit. A longer trek, crossing high passes and into remote regions demands a higher degree of endurance. For Trekking Peaks, i.e. summiting a mountain of 5650-6500m, it is desirable to have some alpine climbing experience.

Few of the common accommodation options while trekking in Nepal are Tea Houses (Lodges) which can be found at various points on the trek. They offer dorm room accommodation and simple basic meals reflective of what the local people in the area eat. Although many tea houses and hotels in the hills and mountains are reasonably comfortable, some may not be comfortable, so it makes sense to bring a sleeping bag even for teahouse treks. Camping is another option for trekkers and it can be conducted almost anywhere in the country. Camping treks can be fully organized and supported with a team of guides, cooks, and porters to accompany you. Homestays in local villages can also be organized in few treks.

There are 33 mountain peaks in Nepal of 5,650-6,500m height classified as trekking peaks. Climbing permits for these peaks cost USD 350 for one to four members, an additional USD 40 each for the next four members and USD 25 each for the final four members. Trekking peaks require a qualified climbing guide, permits and deposits to cover camp waste disposal.

The best seasons for trekking are the dry and warm seasons, March-June and September-November. The temperature is bearable and skies are usually clear in these seasons, although the skies are foggier and the rain begins in May-June. It is possible to trek out of season, but you have to be ready for the occasional rain and leeches along the way. During the monsoon season and winters, the treks are virtually emptier.

Trekking is the most popular activity in Nepal, and travelers will be bombarded on the streets of Kathmandu and the trekking hub, Pokhara, with guides, organized tours, and gear for sale or rent. The huge variety of options allows for people of many ages and capabilities to attempt a trek in the country. While you could spend a year planning an expedition to wild and lofty places that few would dare attempt, you could also arrive in Kathmandu with no plans and be on the trail in a matter of days. With eight of the top ten highest summits in the world and some of the most beautiful landscapes which are only reachable on foot, trekking in Nepal is one of the unique experiences.

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First Act Nepal (FAN) is a team who is working for the welfare of the children. Its objective is to empower underprivileged children. What we do is crystal clear, and the impacts can be seen on the health of children, on the education of children, and on the ways and means that will shape the future of these children. Through us, you can make a donation and participate in the child sponsorship program to support children who are vulnerable and who have lost their parents. Sharing is caring. With this view, we also support the people displaced by the disaster.

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