Nepal

Language

Nepalese

Population

29.3 million (2017)

Capital

Kathmandu

About Nepal

Nepal is as old as the hills, and so are its Himalayas that were formed billions of years ago, and this is where the trekking trails lie.

These Himalayas are the beauties of Nepal and just between these Himalayas and the Hills, there are barren lands, Rocky Mountains, high mountains, deep valleys, numerous rivers, lakes, and villages.

Far from the Himalayas is the plain region, and this contains some of the tourist attractions like Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park, including Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha.

The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu, and it contains some of the famous heritage of Nepal. They are included in the sightseeing program.

Because of the Himalayas, Nepal is famous for trekking in the world. At the same time, it is also famous for rafting, bungee jumping, sky diving, zip-lining, and mountain flights. Along with these, it has Davis falls, Gupteshower Cave, and Seti Gorge.

Between the Himalayas and the hills, Nepal has what the trekkers want to see.

Country Highlights

  • Trek the Annapurna Circuit, Everest Base Camp, Kathmandu Valley, or off the beaten track
  • Spend time with families, be feted by villagers, and get into the culture
  • Wander Lumbini, take an Everest flight, and explore secluded valleys by car and plane
  • Visit stunning temples and monasteries and enjoy festivals, such as Mani Rimdu or Tiji
view-from-nagarkot
Special Offer

Chisapani Nagarkot Hiking

Chisapani Nagarkot Hiking Overview Chisapani Nagarkot hiking is the name of two places that are hilly and beautiful and is…

Duration 5 Days
Activity Trekking
Grade Easy
Max Elevation 2117m
Kathmandu-Valley
Popular

Nepal Adventure

Nepal Adventure tour Overview Nepal Adventure tour is fully a collective activities trip that includes sightseeing, tours, adventures, city tour,…

Duration 16 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Moderate
Max Elevation 3210m

$1850 $2000

View Details
Upper-dolpo-trekking
Special Offer

Upper Dolpo Trek

Upper Dolpo Trek Overview The reason why the Upper Dolpo Trek is different. Because Upper Dolpo Trek takes place in…

Duration 25 Days
Activity Trekking
Grade Strenuous
Max Elevation 5360m

Makalu Base Camp Trek

Makalu Base Camp Overview Where there is the fifth highest mountain, you know you have to walk in terrains, switchbacks,…

Duration 21 Days
Activity Trekking
Grade Strenuous
Max Elevation 5000m

Jomsom Muktinath Trek

Jomsom Muktinath Trek Overview Jomsom Muktinath is a compound word; the words that are related to two popular places, famous…

Duration 14 Days
Activity Trekking
Grade Moderate
Max Elevation 3760m

Royal Trek

Royal Trek Overview Royal Trek is an easy trek, even when it takes you to the midst of the low…

Duration 9 Days
Activity Trekking
Grade Easy
Max Elevation 1,730m
Popular

Classic Nepal

Classic Nepal Tour Overview Classic Nepal Tour is an easy tour which is also known as a round trip to…

Duration 9 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Very Easy
Max Elevation 1400m

$1450 $1500

View Details
Chharang-village-upper-mustang
Special Offer

Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour

Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour Overview Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour is completely an adventure tour in Nepal. Explore the Kathmandu Valley,…

Duration 14 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Strenuous
Max Elevation 3810m

$2500 $2580

View Details
Kathmandu-Valley
Popular

Nepal Adventure

Nepal Adventure tour Overview Nepal Adventure tour is fully a collective activities trip that includes sightseeing, tours, adventures, city tour,…

Duration 16 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Moderate
Max Elevation 3210m

$1850 $2000

View Details

Yoga Tour in Nepal

Yoga Tour Overview Besides trekking, expedition, and rafting, Nepal is equally famous for yoga since the migration took place. Through…

Duration 05 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Very Easy
Max Elevation 1400 m
Popular

Nagarkot Tour

Nagarkot Tour Overview Nagarkot is a small hilly town. It is located on the edge of the Kathmandu Valley and…

Duration 5 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Very Easy
Max Elevation 2175m

Bird Watching in Nepal

Bird Watching in Nepal Overview The Koshi Tappu is an island, located in the low land of eastern Nepal, declared…

Duration 6 Days
Activity Wildlife Safari
Grade Very Easy
Max Elevation 1400 m

Langtang Heli Tour

Heli Tour Heli tours in Nepal give you a birds-eye-view of the vast and spectacular natural beauty of Nepal. It…

Duration Days
Activity Heli Tours
Grade Easy
annapurna heli tour in nepal

Annapurna Heli Tour

Heli Tour Heli tours in Nepal give you a birds-eye-view of the vast and spectacular natural beauty of Nepal. It…

Duration Days
Activity Heli Tours

Everest Base Camp Heli Tour

Heli tours in Nepal give you a birds-eye-view of the vast and spectacular natural beauty of Nepal. It provides you…

Duration Days
Activity Heli Tours

Yala Peak Climbing

Yala Peak Climbing Overview Langtang, a region, not an ordinary region, but a desirable region, but which has tons of…

Duration 14 Days
Activity Mountaineering
Grade Beginners
Max Elevation 5732 m
Popular

Mera Peak Climbing

Mera Peak Climbing Overview The main goal of climbing Mera Peak is to see 8000m peaks that are 4 in…

Duration 16 Days
Activity Mountaineering
Grade Advanced Beginners
Max Elevation 6654 m
Popular

Lobuche East Climbing with Everest Base Camp

Lobuche East Climbing with Everest Base Camp Trek Overview Lobuche is the name of the place; Lobuche is the name…

Duration 18 Days
Activity Mountaineering
Grade Advanced Beginners
Max Elevation 6119 m

Trishuli River Rafting

The Trishuli River is the most popular river for rafting because it lies on the way to Chitwan as well…

Duration 2 Days
Activity Adventure

Bhote Khosi River Rafting

When it comes to having fun in the wildness as well as in the strong current of white water, you…

Duration 2 Days
Activity Adventure
Chharang-village-upper-mustang
Special Offer

Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour

Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour Overview Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour is completely an adventure tour in Nepal. Explore the Kathmandu Valley,…

Duration 14 Days
Activity Day Trips
Grade Strenuous
Max Elevation 3810m

$2500 $2580

View Details

Pictures Of Nepal

Travel Information

Nepal has four major caste systems with 36 sub-castes who speak 123 languages as their mother-tongue. These communities have their own distinct culture and tradition. Each part of Nepal, from East to West, or North to South, has its own cultural setting. Tradition, religion, belief, language, social organization and people are the important aspects of culture in Nepal. Sacred pilgrimage sites, historical monuments and memorials reflect richness of Nepalese culture. Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal can be traced back to more than two millenias. Majority of religious places in Nepal have majorly Hindu and Buddhist temples, monasteries and shirnes.

 

The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal’s ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. Its culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture. With altitudes and ethnicity, the dances, food and language of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the clothes they wear.

 

Nepal has Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha and Pashupatinath temple, the religiously important Shiva temple of Hindus. Nepal is called the land of temples as there are more than 300 temples and monasteries. Nepal has several other temples, Buddhist monasteries, church, masjid as well as places of worship of other religious groups. Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thoughts are ingrained with the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical ethos and traditions. Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. So the religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship and animism. Tantric traditions are deep rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal sacrifices. Five types of animals, always male, are considered acceptable for sacrifice: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable for sacrifice.

 

Nepal does not have a distinct cooking style. However, food habits differ depending on the region. Nepali food has been influenced by Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking. Authentic Nepali taste is found in Newari and Thakai cuisines and most Nepalease eat with their right hand. The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Curried meat is very popular along with Momos (steamed or fried dumplings). Momos are the most popular snack among Nepalease. You can find Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (boiled flour) in the areas outsite Kathmandu.

Living in a multicultural country has its perks. In 365 days, you’ll get to experience so many festivals of different communities that you’ll feel like you are partying and celebrating each and every day. Most of the festivals last for a couple of days to weeks. Dashain or Dusshera is the longest and the most important festival of Nepal. Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is celebrated as “A day of Victory over Demons”. Tihar or Diwali, Holi, Saraswati Puja, Rakshabandhan, Bhai Dooj, Janmashtami, Kali Puja, Gai Jatra, Nag Panchami, Teej, Chhath, Kartik Poornima, Maghe Sankranti, Ganesh Chaturthi, Maha Shivratri and Chhechu are other widely celebrated important festivals of Nepal. Several Jatras also takes place throughout the year like Seto Machindranath jatra, Rato machindranath jatra, Sikali Jatra, Bisket jatra, Bajra Jogini Jatra, Indra Jatra, Ghoday Jatra, and many more. Public holidays are declared for few of them in some regions.

 

Other important festivals include Buddha Purnima (the celebration of the birth of Buddha) and Lohsar, Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Solukhumbu region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world. Lastly, the Sagan ceremony is the ritualized presentation of five food items (boiled egg, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake and rice wine) to a person which is done to bring good fortune as per Tantric tradition.

 

Most festivals include dances, chariots of the Gods, masks, traditional costumes, traditional music, and a variety of special foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions.

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